Supporting Community Resilience
Saving Special Places • Building Better Communities
Adapting to the Impacts of Our Changing Climate
With close to a thousand miles of coastline and low-lying topography throughout of much of the state’s coastal areas, Florida is more vulnerable than many states to the impacts of climate change and associated sea level rise.
Addressing climate change involves adapting to the impacts of climate change, including sea level rise. It also includes taking action to reduce the effects of climate change which includes changing the way we plan and develop communities.
1000 Friends of Florida is working to promote more sustainable community development practices, which can play a major role in addressing both the causes and impacts of climate change in Florida and reducing Florida’s contribution to increased greenhouse gas emissions.
Florida’s Rising Seas: Sea Level 2040 and 2070
Florida’s Rising Seas: Mapping Our Future is a GIS-based analysis of the intersection between population growth, development patterns and sea level rise in Florida. A joint project of the University of Florida Center for Landscape Conservation Planning and 1000 Friends of Florida, it builds on the Florida 2070/Water 2070 reports released in 2016 but incorporates the impacts of sea level rise on lands available for development, conservation, agriculture and other purposes, and the associated need for population relocation.
Florida’s Rising Seas includes two separate studies, Sea Level 2040 and Sea Level 2070. Each includes two scenarios which cover potential futures, one dominated by continuing sprawl and the second reflecting efforts to manage growth and protect important conservation lands:
The Sprawl Scenarios assume recent densities and patterns of development will continue over the next two decades, while factoring in the impacts of sea level rise on Florida’s lands and the resulting need for population relocation.
The Conservation Scenarios account for the same population growth and sea level rise as the Sprawl Scenarios but assume new development will be more compact and will avoid much of the state’s highest priority lands for conservation.
Sea Level 2040
Under the Sprawl Scenario by 2040 Florida is projected to have:
- 4.9 million more residents, a 23% increase over 2019
- Almost 1 million acres lost to sea level rise
- More than 200,000 residents needing to relocate
But with more sustainable development patterns and conservation of priority natural lands, Conservation 2040 could result in:
- More than 5 million more acres of protected natural land
- Almost 2.4 million more acres of protected agricultural land
- 272,000 fewer acres of developed land
Sea Level 2070
Under the Sprawl Scenario, by 2070 Florida is projected to have:
- 12.2 million more residents, a 57% increase over 2019
- Almost 1.7 million acres lost to sea level rise
- Almost 1 million residents needing to relocate
But with more sustainable development patterns and significant land conservation, Conservation 2070 could result in:
- Almost 1.3 million fewer acres of developed land
- More than 5 million more acres of protected natural land
- Almost 2.3 million more acres of protected agricultural land
From hurricanes and tropical storms to flooding, tornadoes, wildfires and more, Florida experiences many natural disasters over the course of any given year. Disasters can also include incidents involving hazardous materials, technological hazards, terrorism and other incidents.
Perhaps more than in any other state, Floridians have learned that planning for such events is essential at the personal, community and statewide levels. Plans are developed, updated and implemented at the state and county levels to help communities plan for these emergencies and their after-effects. In cooperation with county emergency management offices, the Florida Division of Emergency Management and Florida Division of Community Affairs lead on such efforts.
Each county in Florida has an adopted Local Comprehensive Emergency Plan. Communities may also choose to adopt a Post-Disaster Redevelopment Plan to assist with faster and more efficient recovery from natural disasters while maintaining local control over recovery and building back better.
Florida’s Rising Seas: Sea Level 2040 and Sea Level 2070
Population growth and sea level rise promise to be the two defining drivers of how and where Florida develops over the 21st century. In recognition of this, the University of Florida Center for Landscape Conservation Planning and 1000 Friends of Florida have partnered on a major new study, Florida’s Rising Seas: Mapping our future. Building on earlier studies, Florida’s Rising Seas focus on Sea Level 2040 and Sea Level 2070, each of which provides GIS-based analyses of how Florida could accommodate its growing population on diminishing lands over the coming decades, and the impacts more compact patterns of development, increased land conservation, and other state and community planning actions will have on our natural, agricultural, and other lands. This project is geared to state and local leaders, professionals, and concerned citizens. University of Florida Center for Landscape Conservation Planning representatives include Associate Director Michael Volk, Development and Land Use Analyst Dr. Daniel Farrah, and Director Dr. Tom Hoctor. 1000 Friends of Florida is represented by President Paul Owens and Communications Director Vivian Young, AICP.
State Initiatives for Community Resilience in Florida
Florida’s communities are facing increasing need to address sea level rise, intensified storms, flooding and other impacts of climate change in their planning processes. In this webinar, Florida Department of Environmental Protection’s Resilient Florida Program Planning Section Leader, Whitney Gray, shared DEP’s work to implement the Sea Level Impact Projection (SLIP) studies and Resilient Florida programs. Florida Department of Transportation’s Jennifer Carver, AICP, and Mary Jane Hayden, P.E., presented FDOT’s resiliency policy, current efforts to address resiliency within the department, including some recent project-specific examples. Melissa Coleman Corbett, CFM, of the Department of Economic Opportunity covered DEO’s efforts related to addressing the Peril of Flood statutory requirements and the agency’s Community Planning Technical Assistance Grants.
Resilient305: Partnering on Community Resilience
Resilient305 is exploring ways to help Greater Miami and the Beaches adapt and transform in the face of challenges, both expected and unexpected, from the effects of climate change to inadequate infrastructure, pandemics and cyber-attacks. The Miami Foundation provides a brief overview of the project and initial implementation, followed by segments from the Chief Resilience Officers for the three founding partners (Miami-Dade County, City of Miami Beach, and City of Miami) on their resilience strategies. The webinar features The Miami Foundation Director of Public Affairs Director Loren Parra, Miami-Dade County Chief Resilience Officer James F. Murley, Miami Beach Deputy Resilience Officer Amy Knowles, and City of Miami Chief Resilience Officer Alan Dodd, P.E.
Advancing Nature-Based Solutions for Hazard Mitigation
Open space, wetlands, sand dunes, reefs, permeable pavement, and bioretention features are increasingly being used to mitigate the impacts of natural hazards, while also providing multiple community benefits. FEMA has begun to recognize the value of investing in healthy landscapes for mitigating the impacts of floods, wildfires, and droughts. Presenters discuss work supporting FEMA on the economics behind their 2013 and 2016 policies, how land trust and agency partners can access these funds, and recent studies on the environmental and economic flood risk reduction benefits of Florida’s mangroves, coral reefs, and other natural features that support coastal resilience.
Planning for Community Resilience & Preservation
With a built environment of iconic historic landmarks, districts and neighborhoods of national and international significance and its low-lying coastal location (most of the city located in a flood zone), St. Augustine is particularly vulnerable to the impacts of coastal flooding from sea level rise and natural disasters. This focuses on the City’s multifaceted approach to coastal resilience, including legal, planning and engineering strategies.
Planning for Community Resiliency in Satellite Beach: Laying the Groundwork
Located on a barrier island near the Kennedy Space Center and with a relatively small population of 10,000 residents, the City of Satellite Beach is in the crosshairs of sea level rise. Find out how the city marshaled support and funding to address resilience, including the use of science-based information, and the role of Florida Sea Grant and the Regional Planning Council in this effort.
Planning for Community Resiliency in Satellite Beach: Stormwater Infrastructure and LDRs
This focuses on the plans and studies conducted over the years, the impacts of and mitigation measures for sea level rise on the City’s stormwater infrastructure, and the initiative to integrate sustainability measures into the land development regulations.
Responding to Irma: Planning Strategies to Promote Resilience in Florida’s Communities
Hurricane Irma provided a major wake-up call for the need for Florida communities to better incorporate resiliency measures into their local planning process. This webinar provides information on cutting edge strategies being used effectively to promote greater community resiliency through comprehensive planning, legal, policy and other measures.
Planning for Sea Level Rise: Legal Issues Facing Florida
Three of Florida’s leading experts on the legal ramifications of sea level rise identify potential challenges and appropriate local government responses related to permitting and infrastructure, legal tools available through Florida planning authority and strategies in South Florida communities to address some of these issues.
Planning for Sea Level Rise: Broward County Responds
Broward County and Fort Lauderdale are national leaders in planning for the impacts of sea level rise. This presentation covers efforts at the regional, county and municipal levels to develop planning strategies for Broward County and the City of Fort Lauderdale.